Biodiversity is essential for ecosystem functioning and the provisioning of ecosystem services and thus ultimately affects human well-being. Unfortunately, the global loss of biodiversity has increased rapidly over the last 50 years. One major threat to biodiversity is climate change. But also fighting global warming can threaten biodiversity since e.g. one of the proposed measures to stay on the 1.5 pathway is to promote the development of renewable energies, including biofuels. This would require a substantial expansion of existing biofuel cropland. Unfortunately, such large scale land-use changes are accompanied by various negative impacts including potential biodiversity loss.
In this section we aim to find answers to questions such as: „What are potential impacts of climate and land-use change on biodiversity?“, „How can measures to stop global warming account for maintaining biodiversity?